Summer sleepers waking up

As the days are getting shorter, many plants are beginning to wind down for the year. However, there are others who spent the summer in dormancy and are now waking up. I have four of these summer sleepers sitting on the front porch and I’ve been watching for signs of activity. My patience has been rewarded as all four them are now showing new growth. It’s great seeing plants leaf out now when most others are doing the opposite.

Let’s take a look at these four unusual plants. All four of them are from the southern hemisphere (South Africa in this case).

The first one is Tylecodon dinteri, a succulent from South Africa. I bought it last fall at the Ruth Bancroft Garden when it was in full leaf.


Tylecodon dinteri

For the taxonomy purists out there, Tylecodon dinteri isn’t a valid name according to some sources. To clarify, Brian Kemble, curator at the Ruth Bancroft Garden, said on

Tylecodon dinteri is indeed supposed to be a natural hybrid between T. paniculatus and T. wallichii. The leaves are narrow like wallichii, but the trunk is peely like paniculatus, rather than tuberculate like wallichii. I saw what appeared to be this cross in nature, southwest of Laingsburg in the Western Cape.


Tylecodon dinteri


Tylecodon dinteri

Below is a photo of a mature Tylecodon dinteri at the Ruth Bancroft Garden. I think it’s a very cool plant!

Tylecodon dinteri - RBG

Tylecodon dinteri at Ruth Bancroft Garden
Image © Ruth Bancroft Garden

The next one is Dioscorea elephantipes, or elephant’s foot. This strange caudiciform (caudex-forming plant) can live up to 70 years in cultivation. It’s been reported that in the wild the caudex can grow to a height of 7 ft. and a weight of 800 pounds! Mine is less than three inches across so I have a long ways to go before I need to worry about space.


Dioscorea elephantipes


Dioscorea elephantipes


Dioscorea elephantipes

The shoot coming out of the caudex is actually a vine. In March, it looked like this:


My own Dioscorea elephantipes in March

And here is a photo of a much older and larger elephant’s foot:


Mature Dioscorea elephantipes
UC Botanical Garden at Berkeley

The final two summer sleepers I want to talk about in this post are deciduous bulbs in the genus Veltheimia, commonly called sand lilies. As you can see from the photos below, their inflorescences resemble smaller kniphofias and are quite striking.


Veltheimia capensis


Veltheimia capensis


My own Veltheimia capensis last fall

Veltheimia capensis Living Fynbos

Veltheimia capensis in bloom
Image ©


Veltheimia bracteata


Veltheimia bracteata


Veltheimia bracteata

120321_SF_Flower Garden_Show_Veltheimia_bracteata

Veltheimia bracteata at 2012 San Francisco Flower & Garden Show

As these sand lilies multiply, I will transplant them into larger bowls, much like I would with tulips or other spring-blooming bulbs. That way I can move them into the full sun during late fall and winter and keep them dry and shaded in the summer when they’re dormant.

I hope you enjoyed this look at four uncommon plants. I love collecting these oddities and finding out more about where they come from and how they grow in the wild.


  1. Very cool! I've yet to add any tylecodons to my collection but they are fascinating. Collecting plants allows you to experience the seasons different, I love watching plants from the southern hemisphere wake up in autumn.

  2. Four really cool plants. I think I need a few Veltheimias. I love the squiggly leaves.

  3. Cool plants!! I think having these sort of plants certainly adds interest during the winter when most other plants are dormant :)

  4. Groovy plants! I especially like Dioscorea elephantipes with it's great textured caudex!

  5. perhaps this year, your Veltheimia will flower.

  6. Hi! Love your plants!

    Can I ask if you did anythung to wake up the dioscorea? Or did you just wait for it to start growing in its own?

    1. Rika, I pretty much just wait until I see the first signs of a vine. Then I start watering it, just a tiny little bit at first.

    2. Thanks Gerhard! My dioscorea is of the same size as yours on the photos and it went to sleep around April. Hope to see it waking up around September then :)


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