Desert Garden at The Huntington: Old World
The Huntington in San Marino, CA is one of California’s great estates. Established by businessman Henry Huntington in the early 1900s on what was originally a 600-acre ranch, the Huntington comprises a world-class library, art collections and 120 acres of gardens.
At the entrance to the Desert Garden: giant timber bamboo (Bambusa sp.), tree aloe (Aloidendron barberae) and blue foxtail agave (Agave attenuata ‘Boutin Blue’)
The most famous of these is the 10-acre Desert Garden. It was started in 1907 when garden superintendent William Hertrich, a trained landscape gardener who had come to California from Germany in 1903, convinced Henry Huntington to plant cacti on a hillside that was very visible from the main drive but where little else would grow. As Hertrich recalls in his book The Huntington Botanical Gardens, 1905-1949: Personal Recollections of William Hertrich, “[Huntington] thoroughly disliked all types of cacti. His dislike was readily understandable … while backing away from some grading equipment [when supervising construction work for the Southern Pacific Railroad in the Arizona desert] he had had his first painful and never-to-be-forgotten introduction to the prickly cactus.”
Aloe ‘Vulcan’s Fire’
Huntington initially agreed to let Hertrich experiment on ½ acre. Hertrich went full steam ahead, filling the small area with 300 cactus from Southern California nurseries.
Initially, Huntington wasn’t very enthusiastic about the cactus garden. However, as more and more of his acquaintances visited the ranch to see the cactus collection (instead of his priceless art), he authorized Hertrich to go on what would become a series of collecting trips. In 1908, Hertrich hauled three carloads of cacti from Arizona, including a carload of saguaros. This was followed in 1912 by two carloads of cacti and other succulents from Mexico. Huntington gave Hertrich another 2½ acres to accommodate the new material.
Aloes near the Desert Garden Conservatory
In 1913, many of the original specimens were lost in a freeze, especially those that weren’t compatible with San Marino’s Mediterranean climate in the first place. The plants that survived thrived, and the hillside garden became packed.
Aloe × principis, a naturally occurring hybrid between Aloe ferox and Aloe arborescens
In 1925, the Desert Garden doubled in size to five acres, and in 1981, long after Hertrich’s death in 1966, the final 5 acres were added. In 1985, the Desert Garden Conservatory opened to the public; it’s home to 3,000 succulents that either need some sort of protection or are simply too rare to leave outside.
Aloe ‘David Verity’
Today, the Desert Garden has sixty planting beds filled with more than 2,000 species of succulents and desert plants from both the Old and the New World. While impressive-sounding, these stats are fairly meaningless until you experience the garden in person. Then it’s easy to see why the Desert Garden is considered one of the world’s premier collection of succulents.
The Desert Garden is roughly divided into the upper garden featuring plants from the Old World (Africa) and the lower garden with plants from the New World (Americas). I say “roughly” because there is the occasional overlap, for example aloes growing next to cacti and agaves in the lower garden.
This post is about the Old World section of the Desert Garden. The Huntington has an exceptional collection of aloes that includes over 200 of the 300 recognized species. Huge swaths of them were in bloom on January 2 – a truly spectacular sight.
To enjoy this post even more, click on each photo to see a larger version that offers much more detail.
A decades-old specimen of Dioscorea elephantipes, a caudex-forming plant from South Africa that produces densely leafed vines in the winter
Pachypodium lamerei, often called “Madagascar palm” although it’s not a true palm
Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’ (left) and Epiphyllum hookeri (right)
NOID aloe with very distinctive flowers. Suggestions, anybody?
Two species of tree aloes: Aloidendron barberae (left), Aloidendron dichotomum (right)
Aloidendron barberae, the largest tree aloe in the world
Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’ (back) and Euphorbia polygona (front)
Final vignette in the Old World section
My next post will continue in the New World section of the Huntington Desert Garden.
December 2015 Desert Trip index (Succulents and More)