Saturday, December 31, 2011

2011 New Year’s resolutions revisited

At the beginning of the year I described 11 gardening projects I wanted to tackle in 2011 (projects 1-5, projects 7-11). How did I do? Let’s take a look.

plus_green  1. Get more bamboo

While 2011 didn’t see any major bamboo additions to our own garden due to a serious lack of space, I got a few small divisions in trades with other collectors: Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Spectabilis', Fargesia nitida and Phyllostachys kwangsiensis. The Fargesia nitida died due to gardener error (mine), but the Phyllostachys kwangsiensis is growing nicely. The Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Spectabilis' has tripled in size and is ready to go in the ground. I’m considering putting it in one of our two stock tanks in the back yard.

Our existing bamboos put on a lot of height this year, especially the three in front of our house, Bambusa oldhamii, Bambusa chungii ‘Barbellata’ and Bambusa multiplex ‘Alphonse Karr’.

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These three clumping bamboos have grown tremendously, considering they have been in the ground for less than two years

We also planted several bamboos at my in-laws in Mount Shasta (“Bamboo Garden North,” as they call it): Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon’ and Phyllostachys bambusoides in the spring and Chusquea culeou ‘Roja’ in the summer. I bought the ‘Roja’ when I visited Tradewinds Bamboo Nursery in Gold Beach, Oregon during our summer vacation.

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Bamboos in my in-laws’ backyard

minus_red  2. Replace street-side hedge with bamboo

This project would have involved removing a dozen mock orange shrubs (Pittosporum tobira) planted along the street side of the backyard and replacing them with a row of clumping bamboos such as weaver’s bamboo (Bambusa textilis) or even giant clumping timber (Bambusa oldhamii). As you can see, it didn’t happen in 2011:

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January 1, 2011
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December 31, 2011

However, the idea isn’t entirely dead. It may happen in 2012 if we get serious about it. 

plus_green  3. Lay flagstone next to front porch

This project would have involved laying flagstone next to our front porch, an area that was previously bare soil. While we didn’t go the flagstone route, we did the next best thing: decomposed granite. The entire project is described in this post.

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Before…
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…and after.
Amazing how nice everything looked right after we completed the project at the end of April

We’re very happy with the overall look, but unfortunately the leaves and fruit from the Bradford pear tree (Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradford’) still create a mess. Since this is a city tree, we are not at liberty to remove it. There’s nothing else we can do, except live with the tree and its autumnal mess and be better about cleaning it up. Maybe adding a thin layer of decomposed granite every spring will help as well.

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December 31, 2011

plus_green  4. Build a succulent display stand

The area next to our front porch (see project #3) was previously home to a clutter of pots and nursery trays. The goal for 2011 was to find a neater solution that uses space more efficiently.

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Before…

In February, we found the perfect thing on Craigslist: a three-tiered stand that had previously been used a Target garden center. It fits perfectly and it looks good as well. Check this post for more details.

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…and after, with newly laid decomposed granite

Unfortunately, the Bradford pear droppings present a constant challenge. One of my early spring projects will be to thoroughly clean this area and rearrange the pots.

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Display stand on 12/31/11

minus_red  5. Build a potting bench

This project would have involved building a potting bench like this against the side of the house where the colored plastic tubs are.

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January 1, 2011

I didn’t happen because my carpentry skills are on the same level as my knowledge of Swahili: non-existent. However, a friend is working on a design for something I would be able to build, so this area may look quite different in a year’s time. For now, it looks like this:

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December 31, 2011
A slight improvement, but still not what I want

minus_red  6. Install a Japanese water basin in woodland garden

The goal was to install a water basin or some other small water feature in the area below.

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It didn’t happen, mainly because of the logistical challenges involved. There is no electricity in this part of the backyard and the area is too shady for a solar panel that would power the pump. The only alternative would be a solar panel with a very long cable that could be installed on the other side of the fence (which is where the Pittosporum tobira from project #2 is located). At least we have that rock with a hollow in it which acts as a basin substitute.

minus_red  7. Find a better hose storage solution

I’m still looking for a better storage solution for my garden hose than the *$%$§ hose reel in the photo below.

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Unsightly hose reel

The best thing I’ve found is a terracotta hose pot (like this) but I refuse to pay upwards of $40 for something so simple. I keep checking the big home improvement chains for winter markdowns on garden items, but so far I haven’t struck gold. But I’m nothing if not patient—and persistent.

plus_green 8. Minimize the clutter in the yard

I will admit it: The fight against clutter is a constant struggle. But I’m better at putting stuff like empty flower pots, buckets and bags of potting soil away.

Leaves and naturally occurring debris are another thing. Fortunately, they eventually turn to beneficial compost. You just have to wait long enough.

minus_red  9. Plant a terrarium with carnivorous plants

This was inspired by a wonderful book I got for Christmas last year, Bizarre Botanicals by Larry Mellichamp and Paul Gross (Timber Press, 2010). Many different carnivorous plants are commercially available, and creating a carnivorous garden inside a glass terrarium sounded like a neat idea.

But my interests went in different directions. Instead of carnivorous plants, I got cacti.

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Boxes of cacti from the Large Cacti & Succulent Nursery at UC Botanical Garden

plus_green 10. Visit the Portland Japanese Garden in the fall

After having visited the Portland Japanese Garden in July of 2010 (1 2 3), I really wanted to go back in autumn to photograph the fall colors. Since Portland, Oregon is only 1½ hours away by plane and I have good friends there, I was able to make it happen. Check out my three-part blog (1 2 3) to see my favorite photos from a place that is truly spectacular.

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Japanese maple at Portland Japanese Garden in early November 2011

plus_green 11. Read more gardening blogs

This was the easiest New Year’s resolution of all. As my botanical interests began to diversify, so did the selection of blogs I follow. While in 2010 I had mostly been interested in bamboos and leaf succulents such as agaves and aloes, 2011 was the year of the cactus, complemented by an emerging fascination with bonsai and cycads. Who knows what wonderful discoveries 2012 holds?

By the way, you can see which blogs I keep up with by scrolling to the section “Blogs I read” on the right-hand side.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

This is the last post for 2011, and I want to wish you a Happy New Year. May all your plans, horticultural and otherwise, come a step closer to fruition in 2012.

Friday, December 30, 2011

University of California Botanical Garden, part 2

In part 1 of this article we visited the Entrance Plaza, the Arid House and the Southern Africa section. In part 2 we will check out the New World Desert, the Tropical House and the Australasia section.

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Tour Deck overlooking the New World Desert
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New World desert
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New World desert

The New World Desert is located right across from the Southern Africa section—very fitting considering that plants from both parts of the world have similar growing requirements. While not very large, the New World Desert still contains a wide range of cacti and succulents, including many rarely seen in cultivation. There are very large clumps of agave and towering columnar cacti, but they were impossible to photograph because of the noon sun that created harsh shadows. Instead, I’m going to show you smaller plants that I found particularly interesting.

The first is a tree sedum (Sedum torulosum) from Mexico. “Tree” may be a bit of an exaggeration, but apparently it can grow to 3 ft. What makes this species different is the thickness of the stems in proportion to the leaf size. It certainly is a rather strange looking plant.

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Tree sedum (Sedum torulosum)

This Agave guadalajarana is tucked away near the restrooms. If you don’t have to use the facilities, you will miss it. That would be a shame because it’s a very striking agave and seeing a large specimen is a treat. (Juvenile plants offered for sale do not do it justice.) Unfortunately, Agave guadalajarana is one of the least cold-hardy agaves, which is why I don’t have one in my collection.

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Agave guadalajarana

I must be particularly attracted to the color blue at the moment, judging from the photos I’ve picked for this post. You saw quite a few blue plants in part 1 and here is another one, a blue barrel cactus from eastern central Mexico. These three specimens of Ferocactus glaucescens had the typical grayish blue coloration that contrasts so nicely with the yellow spines. Ferocactus glaucescens is at the very top of my cactus wish list for 2012. Unfortunately, it’s not very hardy, so I’d keep mine in a container that can easily be covered on a cold winter night.

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Ferocactus glaucescens
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Ferocactus glaucescens

While Ferocactus glaucescens is solitary or has a small number of offsets, the Mammillaria compressa in the next photo forms huge clumps up to 3 ft. wide resembling mounds with spines. Apparently it is sometimes called “Mother of Hundreds” and looking at the clump in the next photo, you can definitely see why.

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Mammillaria compressa

The next plant is taking the meaning of “clump” to a whole new level. Deuterocohnia brevifolia is a terrestrial bromeliad (in other words, a pineapple relative) from Argentina and Bolivia that is able to completely cover rocks, as you can see in the next two photos. A mat actually consists of thousands of 1 to 2 inch rosettes clustered together seamlessly.

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Deuterocohnia brevifolia
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Deuterocohnia brevifolia

As beautiful as round cacti are, there’s something even more special about columnar cacti. I’m particularly fond of the hairy species native to high-altitude regions of the Andes. The hair is often so dense that it completely covers the green epidermis, providing protection against the strong UV radiation found at extreme elevations. 

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Cleistocactus hyalacanthus

While the Cleistocactus hyalacanthus above are only 1-2 ft. tall, the colony below is about 6 ft. I have several Cleistocactus straussii in containers, and they have proven to be very fast growers—extra water and fertilizer in the summer have certainly helped. As nice as they look in a pot, nothing can beat the results you get when planting them in the ground.

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Cleistocactus straussii var. fricii

I don’t know why the stem in the next photo (on the left) was cut off but the cactus responded by growing a new arm. These plants are tough and will do anything they can to survive. And even after they die (photo on the right), they still look interesting.

                                                                                                                                   
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Echinopsis peruviana

The genus Opuntia includes not only the prickly pears of the Southwest, but also many South American species (although some of them have been split into different genera by some taxonomists). The following is Opuntia kuehnrichiana from Peru. I must admit that I had never heard of it before, but I think it’s a very attractive cactus. 

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Opuntia kuehnrichiana
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Opuntia kuehnrichiana

Shown in the next two photos, Agave shawii is found along the Pacific coast of Baja California. It’s a relatively small agave; each rosette is no larger than 3 x 3 ft. It offsets freely and can form large colonies. What’s remarkable about this species is that it forms a more or less horizontal stem that creeps across the ground. In this specimen, small plants seem to be growing directly from the stem. I’ve never seen this type of growth in any other agave.

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Agave shawii
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Agave shawii stem

The next agave, Agave parryi ‘Truncata’, is anything but rare. In fact, it’s one of the most common found in gardens. But since it forms such perfectly symmetrical rosettes of a striking gray color, I simply had to include it in this post. Easy to find, very hardy (zone 6b), and a beauty—everybody should have one!

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Agave parryi ‘Truncata’

The New World Desert is bordered to the south by a thicket of terrestrial bromeliads that seem to shimmer in the sun. I wasn’t able to find an ID tag, but to me they look like puyas. They might be Puya coerulea var. violacea, but they’re noticeably more silver than my own Puya coerulea var. violacea. I’m still trying to obtain a positive ID. In any case, they form a unique backdrop for this bench. I did sit there for a minute, but I was very aware of the spiky expanse all around me. Awe-inspiring, otherworldly, and dangerous.

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Bench surrounded by terrestrial bromeliads, probably puyas

Leaving the New World Desert behind, we headed into the adjacent Asia section. Unfortunately, the light was too mottled to take good photos inside the stands of trees and of the lovely Japanese Pool (complete with two large granite lanterns).

Right on the edge of the garden boundary is a small bamboo grove, and there I found not only a well maintained grove of Phyllostachys vivax, but also the most twisted and gnarled California buckeye (Aesculus californica) I have ever seen. While it’s native to California (not Asia), it fits right in. Who knows, this tree might have been there when the garden was built, and they decided to simply leave it. It’s living sculpture at its most impressive.

                                                                                                                                   
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California buckeye (Aesculus californica), the largest and most twisted specimen I’ve ever seen. In Davis, they’re typically large shrubs, not 20 ft. trees.
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Phyllostachys vivax, neatly thinned so the individual culms can be admired. The overall effect is light and airy.

In the Asia section, I saw quite a few blooming azaleas. That surprised me because I thought they don’t flower until later in the spring. Here is one juxtaposed with a large Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra), dormant for the winter.

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Blooming azalea and Japanese forest grass

Entering the Australasia section, I was excited to find a number of Tasmanian tree ferns (Dicksonia antarctica). Many were tall enough to stand under. For a moment, I felt transported back to Tasmania where I saw specimens 12 ft. tall. We have two tree ferns in our backyard—a Dicksonia antarctica in a pot and a Cyathea cooperi in the ground—but to say they are glacially slow-growing would be an understatement. Maybe in a cooler, more humid environment they grow faster. In our bone-dry Mediterranean climate with 100°F summers, they barely hang on.

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Dicksonia antartica
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The Dicksonia antartica on the right overhangs the path, giving the illusion that you’re bushwhacking through the jungle
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These three Dicksonia antartica are right outside the conference center. They’re neatly trimmed so as not to encroach on the path.

Our final destination, the Tropical House, is surrounded by the Cycad & Palm Garden. Some of the cycads shown in part 1 were photographed here. The next time I visit, I want to spend a lot more time in this section, exploring the many palms. Here are just a couple I found particularly beautiful, not just because of their fronds but also because of their trunks.

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Chilean wine palm (Jubaea chilensis). This massive tree can grow to 80 ft. It’s still very rare in Northern California although it’s reputed to grow well here (albeit slowly). Here is an impassioned write-up about Jubaea chilensis by Gary Gragg, owner of Golden Gate Palms & Exotics in nearby Richmond. Gary also had great landscaping show called Superscapes on Home & Garden TV. Unfortunately, it isn’t on anymore, but there are occasional reruns.
                                                                                                                         
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LEFT: Chilean wine palm (Jubaea chilensis)
RIGHT: Palmetto (Sabal sp.)

The Tropical House is small but it contains quite a few interesting plants nonetheless. Every few years the Tropical House gets media attention when one of their corpse flowers (Amorphophallus titanum) starts to bloom. I was fortunate enough to see a specimen at UC Davis in bloom this past summer, and it really is an unforgettable sight (and smell).

Even when not in bloom, Amorphophallus titanum is a extraordinary plant. When actively growing, it produces a mottled green “trunk” up to 20 ft. tall with a canopy of green leaves. At least that’s what it looks like (check out the potted plant on the left in the photo below). In reality, the entire structure—trunk and leaf canopy—is one giant leaf. Yes, just one leaf. The leaf produces energy that goes right into the underground corm. Each leaf lives for 1-2 years, then dies. After a period of dormancy (which can be up to 3 years), another leaf is produced. When the corm is large enough (at least 60 pounds), Amorphophallus titanum blooms. Over its 40-year lifespan, each corpse flower blooms only 2 or 3 times. Truly a strange and magnificent plant!

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View of Tropical House
The potted tree in the middle is a cocoa tree (Theobroma cacao)

For me, the biggest surprise of the Tropical House was to see a cocoa tree (Theobroma cacao) with ripe and unripe fruit. We eat cocoa products almost every day, and yet who of us knows where cocoa really comes from? Check this Wikipedia article if you want to know more.

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Ripe (orange) and unripe cocoa fruit

Just a few steps from the cocoa tree I encountered a coffee tree. I’ve seen them for sale at UC Davis Arboretum plant sales (strictly a house plant in our climate), but this specimen was much larger. What a treat to see the source of two of my favorite things in life (chocolate and coffee) in one spot! Even though they come from different parts of the world (Theobroma cacao from the New World, Coffea arabica from the Old World), they appear to share similar growing requirements.

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Coffee tree (Coffea arabica)

The final plant I’m going to highlight was also one of my personal favorites of this visit: Equisetum myriochaetum. Known as the Mexican giant horsetail, it looks like the common horsetail (Equisetum hyemale) on steroids. San Marcos Growers says that it can grow to 15 ft. and in spite of its tropical origins is hardy to 15-20°F. Like all its relatives, it requires constantly moist soils and has an invasive rhizome systems, but kept in check in a large pot, this could be a striking focal point in a garden. I’ll put it on my plant wish list for 2012!

                                                                                                                                                 
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Mexican giant horsetail (Equisetum myriochaetum)

Speaking of plant purchases, several of UCBG’s nurseries offer plants for sale. The California Native, Asian Trees & Shrubs, and Large Cacti & Succulents nurseries are open to the public every Thursday from 10:30 am to 1:00 pm. Click here for more information and links to each nursery’s availability list. I’ve bought many plants from the Large Cacti & Succulents nursery over the years, and I’ve been impressed both with the size of the plants and the reasonable prices.